Guitar Amplifier Electronics: Basic Theory book

Basic Theory - using 21st-Century technology to design vacuum tube preamps, power amps, and power supplies

Fundamentals of Guitar Amplifier System Design book

System Design - a professional methodology for crafting a complete guitar amplifier

Guitar Amplifier Electronics: Circuit Simulation book

Circuit Simulation - modeling vacuum tube guitar amplifiers using SPICE

In 2004, Mesa/Boogie was awarded a patent for its Solo ControlTM technology to create a guitar amplifier with footswitchable volume boost:

U.S. Patent 6,724,897

According to the patent, Randall Smith developed the technology in response to changes in musical styles. Traditionally, guitar amplifiers have a relatively clean channel ("rhythm mode") and a more distorted lead channel ("lead enhancement mode"). Contemporary styles incorporate amplifier distortion to various degrees for both rhythm and lead. This creates a need for footswitchable volume boost without affecting distortion.

"A guitarist may wish to 'step forward' in the band's mix for a spotlight feature in any mode, including modes used primarily for background playing. Thus, the ability to boost the volume level without switching to a different mode provides a unique and valuable capability."

A Simple Switch

The simplest implementation is to switch between two volume controls: one sets the normal output level and the other sets a louder solo level.

simple switch

A downside to this approach is that the user can just as easily set the solo level lower than the normal output level. The controls suffer from an identity crisis - labeling either of them as "solo" is completely arbitrary. The design can be tweaked, but there are better options.

A Better Approach

The Mesa/Boogie MK V, Lonestar Special, and Dual Rectifier have a totem-pole architecture.

Mesa/Boogie Mk V Solo Control

When control is grounded the solo control is shorted. When left open, the solo potentiometer adds variable resistance below the output control wiper for user-controlled volume boost.

The Road King II and other Mesa/Boogie models use semiconductor switching.

Mesa/Boogie Road King II Solo Control

R2 has a resistance that is orders of magnitude greater than R1. They form a voltage divider for the base of the NPN transistor. When the footswitch is shorted to ground, the voltage at the base of the NPN transistor switches from nearly VCC to nearly 0V, turning the transistor off. This turns the p-channel JFET off, removing its short circuit across the solo potentiometer.

Guitar Amplifier Electronics: Basic Theory

Guitar Amplifier Electronics: Basic Theory - a 21st-Century approach to understanding preamp, power amp, and power supply design

Fundamentals of Guitar Amplifier System Design

Fundamentals of Guitar Amplifier System Design - a structured methodology for crafting an awesome guitar amplifier!

Guitar Amplifier Electronics: Circuit Simulation

Guitar Amplifier Electronics: Circuit Simulation - a deep dive into SPICE tube amp modeling

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